A Review on Siddha Polyherbal Formulation - Gowthamar Chooranam for the Treatment of Swasakasam (Bronchial Asthma)
Background: In Siddha system of medicine Swasakasam is correlated with bronchial asthma. Bronchial asthma is a common respiratory disorder. It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways associated with airway hyper- responsiveness that leads to recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and coughing, particularly at night and in the early morning which may subside spontaneously or with treatment. This review shows the potential role of Gowthamar chooranam a siddha polyherbal formulation from the siddha literature the pharmacopoeia of siddha research medicine for the treatment of Swasakasam (Bronchial asthma).
Aim and Objective: This review provides an information on uses, chemical components, and pharmacological properties of the medicinal herbs. It also identifies research gaps and opens up new possibilities for future study of these polyherbal formulation for treatment of Swasakasam (Bronchial asthma).
Materials and Methods: The review conducted from the primary sources called ancient siddha literature and also the search from electronic sources called databases like Google scholar, Pubmed, Science direct with key words anti-asthmatic herbs, , pharmacological actions. The information was collected and reviewed.
Result: Most of the herbs included in the siddha formulation was found to be anti-asthmatic activity
Conclusion: All the ingredients present in siddha polyherbal formulation gowthamar chooranam is simple, easily available, inexpensive, easy to prepare. The pharmacological properties of ingredients have pungent taste, hot poteny and are mostly found as anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, anti-allergic, anti-asthmatic. Hence it evident that the formulation was very effective in the treatment of Swasakasam (Bronchial asthma). Further preclinical, clinical studies and statistical data analysis helps in exploring this polyherbal siddha formulation.
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