A review on siddha polyherbal formulation- gowthamar chooranam for the management of swasakasam (bronchial asthma)

  • M. Anitha Kalaivani Post Graduate, Department of PothuMaruthuvam, Government Siddha Medical College, Chennai – 600106, Tamil Nadu, India
  • N.Anbu HOD, Department of PothuMaruthuvam, Government. Siddha Medical College, Chennai – 600106, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract

Background: In the Siddha system of medicine Swasakasam is correlated with bronchial asthma. Bronchial asthma is a common respiratory disorder. It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways associated with airway hyper-responsiveness that leads to recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and coughing, particularly at night and in the early morning which may subside spontaneously or with treatment. This review shows the potential role of Gowthamar chooranam a Siddha polyherbal formulation from the Siddha literature the pharmacopeia of Siddha research medicine for the treatment of Swasakasam (Bronchial asthma).


Aim and Objective: This review provides information on the uses, chemical components, and pharmacological properties of medicinal herbs. It also identifies research gaps and opens up new possibilities for future study of this polyherbal formulation for the treatment of Swasakasam (Bronchial asthma).


Materials and Methods: The review was conducted from the primary sources called ancient Siddha literature and also the search from electronic sources called databases like Google Scholar, Pubmed, and Science Direct with keywords anti-asthmatic herbs,  and pharmacological actions. The information was collected and reviewed.


Result: Most of the herbs included in the Siddha formulation were found to be anti-asthmatic activity


Conclusion: All the ingredients present in Siddha polyherbal formulation gowthamar chooranam are simple, easily available, inexpensive, and easy to prepare. The pharmacological properties of ingredients have a pungent taste, and hot potency and are mostly found as anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, anti-allergic, and anti-asthmatic. Hence it is evident that the formulation was very effective in the treatment of Swasakasam (Bronchial asthma). Further preclinical, clinical studies and statistical data analysis help in exploring this polyherbal siddha formulation.

Keywords: Swasakasam, Bronchial asthma, Gowthamar chooranam, Herbs, Siddha medicine

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Author Biographies

M. Anitha Kalaivani, Post Graduate, Department of PothuMaruthuvam, Government Siddha Medical College, Chennai – 600106, Tamil Nadu, India

Post Graduate, Department of PothuMaruthuvam, Government Siddha Medical College, Chennai – 600106, Tamil Nadu, India

N.Anbu, HOD, Department of PothuMaruthuvam, Government. Siddha Medical College, Chennai – 600106, Tamil Nadu, India

HOD, Department of PothuMaruthuvam, Government. Siddha Medical College, Chennai – 600106, Tamil Nadu, India

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Published
17-09-2023
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How to Cite
Kalaivani, M. A., and A. N. “A Review on Siddha Polyherbal Formulation- Gowthamar Chooranam for the Management of Swasakasam (bronchial Asthma)”. World Journal of Current Medical and Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 5, no. 5, Sept. 2023, pp. 190-4, doi:10.37022/wjcmpr.v5i5.287.
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Review Articles