The prevalence of characteristic corneal ulcer patients in sanglah general hospital, in indonesia

  • Sinta Wiranata Medical Student, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Wayan Eka Sutyawan Department of Ophthalmology, Sanglah General Hospital, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia
  • I Putu Budhiastra Department of Ophthalmology, Sanglah General Hospital, Universitas Udayana, Bali, Indonesia


Purpose: The purpose of the study was to perceive epidemiology, predisposing and varied risk factors, age, gender, profession, ulcus location, lateralization, visus category, medication. It also determines the relationship between each factor with infection and non-infection in Sanglah General Hospital, Bali.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with method was used with 44 patients conferred in the Ophthalmology Department. The purposive sampling technique was also used in this study by considering exclusion and inclusion criteria. Then, the data were analyzed and assessed for medication and surgery for treatment between January 2017 and October 2018 using SPSS 25 version.

Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 49.16±2.58 years, where samples of corneal ulcer infection made up 56.8%, and most of the cases occurred within the age group 30 - 60 years. Meanwhile, the infection mostly occurred in males, at a proportion of 77.3%, and based on the profession, 43.2% of the corneal ulcer were farmers. The most predisposing factor for infectious corneal ulcers was trauma, at 36.4%, as 39 patients had a central ulcus, where 47.7% were infectious, and 36.4% were non-infectious. However, not all the study variables were statistically significant (p > 0.05) with the patient's corneal.

Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that corneal ulcer is common and mostly affects male. Furthermore, the epidemiological trends from developing countries with a predominance of infectious corneal ulcers were additional or less common. Therefore, more analysis with larger and specific sample sizes is required to be developed for resultant analytical research

Keywords: Corneal Ulcers, Infectious and Non-infectious, Ophthalmology


Download data is not yet available.


Insan NG, Mane V, Chaudhary BL, Danu MS, Yadav A, Srivastava V. A review of fungal keratitis: Etiology and laboratory diagnosis. Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 2013;2:307–14.

Cheng KH, Leung SL, Hoekman HW, Beekhuis WH, Mulder PG, Geerards AJ, et al. Incidence of contact lens-associated microbial keratitis and its related morbidity. Lancet 1999;354:181–85.

Br K, Zacheria G, Ideculla T, Bhat V, Joseph M. Epidemiological Characteristics of Corneal Ulcers in South Sharqiya Region. Oman Med J 2008;23(1):34-39.

Basak SK, Basak S, Mohanta A, Bhowmick A. Epidemiological and microbiological diagnosis of suppurative keratitis in Gangetic West Bengal, eastern India. Indian J Ophthalmol 2005;53(March):17–22.

Srinivasan M, Gonzales CA, George C, Cevallos V, Mascarenhas JM, Ashokan B, et al. Epidemiology and etiological diagnosis of corneal ulceration in Madurai. South India, BJO 1997;81:965-71.

Feilmeier MR, Sivaraman KR, Oliva M, Tabin GC, Gurung R. Etiologic Diagnosis of Corneal Ulceration at a Tertiary Eye. Cornea 2010;29(12):1380-85.

Joshi RK, Goyal RK, Kochar A. A prospective study of clinical profile, epidemiology and etiological diagnosis of corneal ulcer in North-West Rajasthan. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health 2017;4(12):4544-47.

Laspina F, Samudio M, Cibilis D, Ta CN, Farina N, Sanabria R, et al. Graefes Epidemiological characteristics of microbiological results on patients with infectious corneal ulcers: A 13year survey in Paraguay. Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmology 2004;242:204-09.

Deorukhkar S, Katiyar R, Saini S. Epidemiological features and laboratory results of bacterial and fungal keratitis: A five-year study at a rural tertiary-care hospital in western Maharashtra, India. Singap Med J 2012;53(4):264–67.

Patel A, Hammersmith K. Contact lens-related microbial keratitis: recent outbreaks. Curr Opin Ophthalmol 2008;19:302–06.

Lin SH, Lin CP, Wang HZ, Tsai RK, Ho CK. Fungal corneal ulcers of onion harvesters in southern Taiwan. Occup Environ Med 1999;56(6):423–25.

Hedayati H, Ghaderpanah M, Rasoulinejad SA, Montazeri M. Clinical Presentation and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Contact Lens Associated Microbial Keratitis. J Pathog 2015;2015:1–5.

Srinivasan M, Mascarenhas J, Rajaraman R, et al. The steroids for corneal ulcers trial: study design and baseline characteristics. Arch Ophthalmol 2012;130(2):151–57.

Titiyal JS, Negi S, Anand A, Tandon R, Sharma N, Vajpayee RB. Risk factors for perforation in microbial corneal ulcers in north India. Br J Ophthalmol 2006;90(6):686–89.
117 Views | 59 Downloads
How to Cite
Wiranata, S., I. W. Eka Sutyawan, and I. P. Budhiastra. “The Prevalence of Characteristic Corneal Ulcer Patients in Sanglah General Hospital, in Indonesia”. World Journal of Current Medical and Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 3, no. 4, Aug. 2021, pp. 81-84, doi:10.37022/wjcmpr.v3i4.182.
Research Articles