The prevalence of characteristic corneal ulcer patients in sanglah general hospital, in indonesia
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to perceive epidemiology, predisposing and varied risk factors, age, gender, profession, ulcus location, lateralization, visus category, medication. It also determines the relationship between each factor with infection and non-infection in Sanglah General Hospital, Bali.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with method was used with 44 patients conferred in the Ophthalmology Department. The purposive sampling technique was also used in this study by considering exclusion and inclusion criteria. Then, the data were analyzed and assessed for medication and surgery for treatment between January 2017 and October 2018 using SPSS 25 version.
Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 49.16±2.58 years, where samples of corneal ulcer infection made up 56.8%, and most of the cases occurred within the age group 30 - 60 years. Meanwhile, the infection mostly occurred in males, at a proportion of 77.3%, and based on the profession, 43.2% of the corneal ulcer were farmers. The most predisposing factor for infectious corneal ulcers was trauma, at 36.4%, as 39 patients had a central ulcus, where 47.7% were infectious, and 36.4% were non-infectious. However, not all the study variables were statistically significant (p > 0.05) with the patient's corneal.
Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that corneal ulcer is common and mostly affects male. Furthermore, the epidemiological trends from developing countries with a predominance of infectious corneal ulcers were additional or less common. Therefore, more analysis with larger and specific sample sizes is required to be developed for resultant analytical research
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